Cell changes

Cell changes on the cervix are detected in connection with the regular check-up by your general practitioner. I ca. 5% of these samples have cell changes. There will be atypical cells or cell changes (dysplasia), which in a few cases can be a precursor to cancer.

If the cell sample shows atypical cells or dysplasia, Aagaard Klinik can perform a binocular examination (colposcopy), where tissue samples are taken from the cervix.

If the examination of the tissue samples confirms that there is moderate or severe dysplasia, it is advisable to remove the changes. This can be done with a cone operation.

A cone operation is a small operation that is most often performed under general anesthesia. The purpose of the procedure is to remove the small piece of the cervix, where the binocular examination (colposcopy) has found a cell change. The piece to be removed is sent to the Department of Pathology for examination.


Anyone who has a sex life can in principle be infected with HPV. The infection is so common that one actually calls it a kind of sexual cold. HPV infection is most often asymptomatic. A chronic HPV infection can cause severe cell changes on the cervix, which in the worst case can develop into cervical cancer. Although you have been diagnosed and have been treated for cell changes on the cervix, it is recommended that you be vaccinated as there are several types of HPV.


After the operation, stay calm for the rest of the day. The day after the operation you will be called by our nurse to hear how you are doing.


14 days after the operation we will contact you regarding. test results per tlf./mail/brev.

If all cell changes are gone, it is recommended that you have a cell scrape taken after 3 months. If this sample is free of abnormal cells, you should have cell scrapings taken by your GP after 6 and after 12 months. After that, cell scrapings only need to be taken once a year for 10 years. Approx. 95% are free of cell changes after the first cone operation.